Why China is about to see record levels of air travel for Labour Day


Chinese domestic air travel during the forthcoming Labour Day holiday is set to exceed pre-pandemic levels substantially, according to research undertaken by ForwardKeys, using the freshest and most comprehensive flight booking data available.

In recent years, Labour Day has again become a significant national holiday. In 2008 it was cut back from a seven-day to a three-day break, but was extended to four days in 2019, and to five days in the last two years. Therefore, for those in the travel and hospitality industry, it is an eagerly awaited holiday.

As of mid-April, total flight tickets issued for travel over the peak period, 1st – 5th May, were 5.8% ahead of where they were at the equivalent moment in 2019, and bookings for the extended holiday period, 28th April – 9th May, were 9.8% ahead.

China’s capital, Beijing, and Shanghai, where the Disney Resort is celebrating its fifth birthday with a ‘Year of Magical Surprises’, will be the most popular destinations for holiday travel this spring, with bookings 31.4% and 9.7% ahead, respectively. The country’s southernmost city, Sanya, situated on the holiday island of Hainan in the South China Sea, is proving exceptionally popular, with bookings currently 59.1% ahead of 2019 levels.

Fewer people will be travelling as part of a group this spring. An analysis of passenger profiles shows that the share of group bookings is down from 17% in 2019 to 13% in 2021. By comparison, the proportion of people travelling solo or in pairs is up to 56%, compared to 52% in 2019.

In January 2021, a resurgence of Covid-19 caused a substantial set back in domestic travel, with arrivals diving 69% compared to 2019. However, containment of the disease and innovative travel promotions have stimulated a spirited revival. Surprise destination promotions, known locally as “blind boxes”, in which the traveller purchases a flight ticket to an unknown or surprise destination for a very cheap price, typically $10-15, have been a big hit. Following the launch of “plane ticket blind boxes” by LY.com in March, more than 10 million people took up the offer in a sale, coinciding with the Qingming festival in early April, although not all purchases converted into flight tickets. Other leading online travel agents, such as Ctrip, Fliggy and Qunar, followed suit in the third week of April, and LY.com has just completed a further round of blind box offers. The promotions have created considerable popular interest among young audiences on social media platforms.

Outbound travel is still almost impossible for the Chinese. The only exception is Macau, which has a bilateral agreement with mainland China for quarantine-free travel. Currently, Labour Day holiday demand for the destination stands at 75% of pre-pandemic levels.

This year’s record-breaking Labour Day domestic travel is down to three factors: the release of pent-up demand, control of Covid-19 and imaginative marketing.

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